First draft: February 2020. Current draft: March 2021.
Encouraging desistance from crime. Revise & resubmit, Journal of Economic Literature.
First draft: February 2019. Current draft: July 2020.
Previously circulated as: “Strategies to productively reincorporate the formerly-incarcerated into communities: A review of the literature.” 2018. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11646.
Algorithmic Risk Assessment in the Hands of Humans (with Megan Stevenson). IZA Discussion Paper No. 12853.
First draft: September 2018. Current draft: November 2019.
Access to Guns in the Heat of the Moment: The Effect of Gun Laws on Violent Crime (with Jonathan Colmer).
First draft: June 2019. Current draft: November 2019 (available upon request).
Women’s perceived safety and academic engagement: Can safety concerns create gender gaps in academia? (with Sophie Trawalter, Lindsay Palmer, Kelly Hoffman, and Adrienne Carter-Sowell).
First draft: November 2018. Current draft: October 2020 (available upon request).
The Moral Hazard of Lifesaving Innovations: Naloxone Access, Opioid Abuse, and Crime (with Anita Mukherjee). IZA Discussion Paper No. 11489.
First draft: March 2017. Current draft: March 2019.
The effects of DNA databases on the deterrence and detection of offenders (with Anne Sofie Tegner Anker and Rasmus Landersø). Forthcoming, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics.
Pre-print version: April 2020.
Which prisoner reentry programs work? Replicating and extending analyses of three RCTs (with Chelsea Temple, David Pritchard, and Adam Roberts). 2020. International Review of Law & Economics, 62: 1-16.
Pre-print version: January 2020.
Testing, Stress, and Performance: How Students Respond Physiologically to High-Stakes Testing (with Jennifer Heissel, Emma Adam, David Figlio, and Jonathan Meer). Forthcoming, Education Finance & Policy.
Preprint version: November 2018.
Media coverage: Chalkbeat
The unintended consequences of “ban the box”: Statistical discrimination and employment outcomes when criminal histories are hidden (with Benjamin Hansen). 2020. Journal of Labor Economics, 38(2): 321-374.
Preprint version: August 2018.
Previously circulated as: “Does ‘ban the box’ help or hurt low-skilled workers? Statistical discrimination and employment outcomes when criminal histories are hidden”: NBER Working Paper No. 22469
Media coverage: Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, Overlawyered, Vox (here and here), McClatchy News (published by several local papers), Weekly Standard, Richmond Times-Dispatch, Houston Chronicle, Pacific Standard, Fusion (here and here), The Atlantic, Michigan radio’s State of Opportunity, The Economist, NBC 29, UVA Today, Human Resource Executive Online, The Guardian, Politico (here and here), American Interest, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Governing, Washington Times, National Review, American Prospect, Bloomberg, Sacramento Bee, Boston Globe, Quartz, Stateline, WMRA, NPR’s The Indicator, Freakonomics podcast
Keep the Kids Inside? Juvenile Curfews and Urban Gun Violence (with Jillian B. Carr). 2018. Review of Economics and Statistics, 100(4): 609-618.
Preprint version: June 2017.
The Effects of DNA Databases on Crime. 2017. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 9(1): 165-201.
Media coverage: UVA Today, NBC 29, The Daily Beast, Futurity.org, BBC, Police Professional (subscription only), WMRA’s Virginia Insight (radio interview), Maryland v. King Supreme Court briefs (Petitioner and LA County amicus), NY Times, Boston Globe, Undark
Under the Cover of Darkness: How Ambient Light Influences Criminal Behavior (with Nicholas J. Sanders). 2015. Review of Economics and Statistics, 97(5), 1093-1103.
The data used in this paper are available on Dataverse
Media and policy coverage: Next City, NPR Morning Edition, Vox, National Geographic, Washington Post, CNN, Washington Examiner, Mother Jones, Popular Mechanics, Gizmodo, Christian Science Monitor, Significance Magazine, BBC, Report of the Special Commission on the Commonwealth’s Time Zone (Massachusetts legislature)
Media coverage: NY Times Freakonomics blog, Stanford Report, Wall Street Journal Real Time Economics blog, USA Today, Financial Times, a radio interview on Crosscurrents (KALW), Daily Mail, UVA Today, The Root, NY Times, Financial Times
Diversity in Economics Seminars: Who Gives Invited Talks? (with Erin Hengel and Elizabeth Pancotti). 2021. Forthcoming, AEA Papers & Proceedings.
Preprint version: January 2021.
Media coverage: New York Times
A Review of Thomas Sowell’s Discrimination and Disparities. Forthcoming, Journal of Economic Literature.
Preprint version: January 2020.
“Evidence-Based Policy” Should Reflect a Hierarchy of Evidence. 2019. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 38(2): 517-519.
Preprint version: December 2018.
Wrap-Around Services Don’t Improve Prisoner Reentry Outcomes. 2019. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 38(2): 508-514.
Preprint version: November 2018.
The Roadblock to Reform (with Megan T. Stevenson). 2018. American Constitution Society research report.
Moving to job opportunities? The effect of ‘Ban the Box’ on the composition of cities (with Benjamin Hansen). 2017. American Economic Review (P&P), 107(5): 556-559.
Preprint version: January 2017.
Increasing employment for individuals with criminal records. 2016. The Hamilton Project.
The geography, incidence, and underreporting of gun violence: new evidence using ShotSpotter data (with Jillian B. Carr). 2016. Brookings Research Paper.
How do state crime policies affect other states? The externalities of state DNA database laws
First draft: April 2016. Current draft: December 2016.
A Promising Alternative: How Making College Free Affects Teens’ Risky Behaviors (with Chloe Gibbs).
First draft: November 2014. Current draft: May 2016.
Selected Works in Progress
Effects of criminal justice involvement on well-being in old age (with Jonathan Eggleston, Bill Gale, Mike Mueller-Smith, and Briana Sullivan)
Registering returning citizens to vote (with Laurel Eckhouse, Eric Foster-Moore, Allison P. Harris, Hannah Walker, and Ariel White)